A mood disorder which can cause episodes of depression and mania. We will take a look at some common symptoms and how those who suffer from bipolar disorder can get treatment. Bipolar disorder affects around 1 in every 100 people and can affect people from all backgrounds. It commonly develops at around 15-19 years of age.
A disorder which affects your mood. Mood swings go from extreme lows (depression) and extreme highs (mania). These mood swings can last for weeks or even longer and can make you feel like you never have a "normal" mood.
Depressive episodes can cause you to feel worthless and cause extreme low mood. Extreme depressive episodes can cause you have suicidal thoughts and tendencies. It is common for people with bipolar to initially be diagnosed with depression until they have a manic episode (which can take years).
Manic episodes can cause you feel very happy with lots of energy, ambition and plans. In less extreme cases, manic episodes can be seen as a positive experience. However, the following are common during manic episodes:
Medicines such as mood stabilisers can be taken long term. This can help to reduce the severity of your mood swings. You can also get medication which directly treats the mania and depression as they occur.
It can be helpful to learn to recognise the signs or triggers of an episode coming on. Once we can recognise the signs on an episode then we can plan ahead to cope with it.
Psychological treatment can be very useful at teaching you how to deal with your disorder. Talking therapy can help you deal with your depression and help you improve your relationships.
Altering your lifestyle to a more healthy one can also help you to deal with your symptoms. Regular exercise and eating healthier can improve mood as poor physical health can cause mental health problems to worsen. A good sleep pattern can also help. It can be helpful to ensure that you have future activities planned that you can look forward to.
Demi has been very open about her mental health struggles. She was diagnosed with bipolar in 2011 and is an advocate for mental health.
Mariah was diagnosed in 2001 but it took many years for her to accept her diagnosis. In April 2018 she went public with her diagnosis to try and help reduce the stigma around mental health.
Russell was diagnosed with depression at a young age and late bipolar following manic episodes. He uses his platform to increase awareness of mental health issues.
Stephen was not diagnosed with bipolar until he was 37 but suffered from mental health problems since he was a child. He now tries to raise public awareness on mental health.
Carrie who starred in Star Wars was diagnosed with bipolar when she was 28. She spent a lot of time raising awareness and encouraging people to talk about mental health.